Eighty-one percent of Bhubaneswar’s public transport trip share is dominated by diesel-run auto-rickshaws, which are responsible for notable carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. To improve the city’s air quality, the government wants to introduce electric three-wheelers. Eco-Cities India Program is collaborating with Bhubaneswar Development Authority (BDA) and Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation (BMC) in achieving this goal. The project is expected to result in 30 percent reduction in CO2 emission (1,349 tonnes/day) by 2021 vis-à-vis a business-as-usual scenario (1,928 tonnes/day).
The project team has analysed the three-wheeler market in Bhubaneswar and recommended measures to facilitate the introduction of electric three-wheelers. A detailed implementation plan with an allocation of responsibilities has also been prepared. Private companies like Kinetic Green, Mahindra and Lithium have expressed interest in working on the project in collaboration with the government. A draft e-rickshaw scheme has also been formulated. The scheme will have partial support from the Odisha government, and IFC will incentivize drivers for easy operation of e-rickshaws.
IFC Eco-Cities has also advised the government to develop the electric vehicle ecosystem in the City, including recommendations on allocating space for charging infrastructure in parking lots for new buildings as well as finalizing the electricity tariff for vehicle charging. Currently, IFC is advising BDA on business model to implement an end to end integrated mobility solution that can address the last mile connectivity challenges./p>